Effect of Pentoxifylline on Ischemia- induced Brain Damage and Spatial Memory Impairment in Rat

Movassaghi, Shabnam and Nadia Sharifi, Zahra and Soleimani, Mansooreh and Joghataei, Mohammad Taghi and Hashemi, Mehrdad and Shafaroodi, Hamed and Mehdizadeh, Mehdi (2012) Effect of Pentoxifylline on Ischemia- induced Brain Damage and Spatial Memory Impairment in Rat. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 15 (5). pp. 1083-1090.

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Abstract

Objective(s) The brief interruption of cerebral blood flow causes permanent brain damage and behavioral dysfunction. The hippocampus is highly vulnerable to ischemic insults, particularly the CA1 pyramidal cell layer. There is no effective pharmacological strategy for improving brain tissue damage induced by cerebral ischemia. Previous studies reported that pentoxifylline (PTX) has a neuroprotective effect on brain trauma. The possible neuroprotector effects of PTX on behavioral deficit were studied in male Wistar rats subjected to a model of transient global brain ischemia. Materials and Methods Animals (n= 32) were assigned to control, sham-operated, vehicle, and PTX- treated (200 mg/kg IP) groups. PTX administered at 1hr before and 3 hr after ischemia. Global cerebral ischemia was induced by bilateral common carotid artery occlusion, followed by reperfusion. Results Morris Water maze testing revealed that PTX administration in cerebral ischemia significantly improved hippocampal-dependent memory and cognitive spatial abilities after reperfusion as compared to sham-operated and vehicle-treated animals. After the behavioral test, the rats were sacrificed and brain sections were stained with Nissl staining. There were no significant differences between number of pyramidal cells in both control and PTX groups. Conclusion Our study demonstrated that pentoxifylline had a protective effect on rats with transient global ischemia and could reduce cognitive impairment.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Basic Medical Sciences
Depositing User: ijbms ijbms
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2017 15:25
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2017 15:25
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8367

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