Effects of Infantile Repeated Hyperglycemia on Neuronal Density of Hippocampus and Pentylentetrazol Induced Convulsions in Male Wistar Rats

Moghadami, Malihe and Moghimi, Ali and Jalal, Razieh and Behnam-Rasouli, Morteza and Mahdavi-Shahri, Naser (2012) Effects of Infantile Repeated Hyperglycemia on Neuronal Density of Hippocampus and Pentylentetrazol Induced Convulsions in Male Wistar Rats. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 15 (4). pp. 951-957.

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Abstract

Objective(s) High blood glucose induces molecular, cellular, morphological and behavioral changes in the brain. Metabolic disturbances, contribute to the hippocampus injury and development of partial focal seizures. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of infantile repeated hyperglycemia on neuronal density of hippocampal CA3region in newborn Wistar male rats and its effect on chemoconvulsant pentylentetrazol (PTZ) induced generalized seizures in adults. Materials and Methods Ten days old male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=20 for each): hyperglycemic and control. Hyperglycemia was induced by intraperitoneal injections of 2 g/kg dextrose solution, twice a day, for 2 weeks. Control animals received saline solution in the same manner. Blood glucose was regularly measured. After that, the brains of rats from each group (n=10) were removed for histological analysis of the CA3 region of hippocampus by stereological method. Other animals (n=10) were kept to grow older. Afterwards, seizure was induced in hyperglycemic and control adult rats, by an intraperitoneal injection of 45 mg/kg PTZ solution and then latency of convulsions onset and severity of seizures for each group were recorded. Results Results showed that hippocampal neuronal density decreased significantly and susceptibility to PTZ induced convulsions increased in experimental animals. Conclusion The result determined that repeated increments in daily blood sugar levels in infantile period may damage neuronal structures of hippocampus and also make adults more susceptible to PTZ induced convulsions in adulthood period.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QT physiology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Basic Medical Sciences
Depositing User: ijbms ijbms
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2017 16:55
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2017 16:55
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8388

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