Molecular Identification of Rare Clinical Mycobacteria by Application of 16S-23S Spacer Region Sequencing

Shojaei, Hasan and Hashemi, Abodolrazagh and Heidarieh, Parvin and Pourahmad, Fazel and Daei Naser, Abass (2012) Molecular Identification of Rare Clinical Mycobacteria by Application of 16S-23S Spacer Region Sequencing. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 15 (1). pp. 661-668.

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Abstract

Objective(s) In addition to several molecular methods and in particular 16S rDNA analysis, the application of a more discriminatory genetic marker, i.e., 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer gene sequence has had a great impact on identification and classification of mycobacteria. In the current study we aimed to apply this sequencing power to conclusive identification of some Iranian clinical strains of mycobacteria. Materials and Methods The test strains consisted of nineteen mycobacterial isolates which were initially identified by the use of conventional phenotypic techniques and molecular methods and subjected to further definitive identification using the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer gene sequencing. Results Out of 19 studied strains, 7 isolates were found to be rapidly growing and 12 isolates as slowly growing mycobacteria. With the exception of one isolate, i.e., the isolate HNTM87, which yielded a distinct ITS sequence incomparable with all previously identified mycobacteria, the remaining isolates produced the sequences similar to the established mycobacteria and were clearly identified and differentiated from closely related taxa. A phylogenetic tree based on maximum parsimony analysis of 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer gene sequences constructed showing the relatedness of Iranian clinical isolates with the closely related type species of mycobacteria. Conclusion This study showed that the 16S-23S internal transcribed spacer gene of the genus Mycobacterium exhibits a high variation which is of value for discriminating closely related taxa and could be used independently or in combination with 16S rDNA sequencing to delineate the true identity of rare mycobacterial species.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QW Microbiology and Immunology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Basic Medical Sciences
Depositing User: ijbms ijbms
Date Deposited: 06 Nov 2017 18:14
Last Modified: 06 Nov 2017 18:14
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8526

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