Protective effect of metformin on D-galactose-induced aging model in mice

Fatemi, Iman and khaluoi, Amin and Kaeidi, Ayat and Shamsizadeh, Ali and Heydari, Sara and Allahtavakoli, Mohammad (2018) Protective effect of metformin on D-galactose-induced aging model in mice. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 21 (1). pp. 19-25.

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Official URL: http://ijbms.mums.ac.ir/article_9918.html

Abstract

Objective(s): Metformin (Met), an antidiabetic biguanide, reduces hyperglycemia via improving glucose utilization and reducing the gluconeogenesis. Met has been shown to exert neuroprotective, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The present study investigated the possible effect of Met on the D-galactose (D-gal)-induced aging in mice. Materials and Methods: Met (1 and 10 mg/kg/p.o.), was administrated daily in D-gal-received (500 mg/kg/p.o.) mice model of aging for six weeks. Anxiety-like behavior, cognitive function, and physical power were evaluated by the elevated plus-maze, novel object recognition task (NORT), and forced swimming capacity test, respectively. The brains were analyzed for the level of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Results: Met decreased the anxiety-like behavior in D-gal-treated mice. Also, Met treated mice showed significantly improved learning and memory ability in NORT compared to the D-gal-treated mice. Furthermore, Met increased the physical power as well as the activity of SOD and BDNF level in D-gal-treated mice. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the use of Met can be an effective strategy for prevention and treatment of D-gal-induced aging in animal models. This effect seems to be mediated by attenuation of oxidative stress and enhancement of the neurotrophic factors.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Basic Medical Sciences
Depositing User: ijbms ijbms
Date Deposited: 24 Dec 2017 16:27
Last Modified: 24 Dec 2017 16:27
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/8818

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