The Effect of Psychological Intervention on Mother-Infant Bonding and Breastfeeding

Shariat, Mamak and Abedinia, Nasrin (2017) The Effect of Psychological Intervention on Mother-Infant Bonding and Breastfeeding. Iranian Journal of Neonatology IJN, 8 (1). pp. 7-15.

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Abstract

ABSTRACT Background: The emotional bond that a mother feels towards her infant is critical to their social, emotional, and cognitive development. This concept has a major influence on an infant�s future health, and growth, so the assessment of parental-fetal attachment and related factors is of great importance. This study aimed to examine the effect of psychological intervention on attachment and persistency of lactation.Methods: This clinical trial was carried out on 71 pregnant women who visited Milad and Vali-Asr hospitals in Tehran, Iran. The subjects were selected by convenience sampling method and randomly divided into control (n=36) and intervention (n=35) groups. In the intervention group, the subjects received three sessions of supportive group psychotherapy supplemented by training packages. Avant�s mother-infant attachment behavior questionnaire, Maternal Attachment Inventory, 28-item General Health Questionnaire, and the short form of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory were used to evaluate attachment behaviors and related factors. Attachment of mothers was examined at six different times. Statistical data was analyzed using independent t-test, Fisher�s exact test.Results: The findings indicated that the intervention group had increased attachment and breastfeeding persistency (P�0.001). Regression test also showed that maternal attachment was significantly influenced by psychological interventions, self-esteem, and depression (P�0.001).Conclusion: According to the results, psychological interventions are suggested during pregnancy to increase attachment and breastfeeding persistency, and thereby, improve mental health of both mother and newborn.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WS Pediatrics
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Neonatology
Depositing User: ijn ijn
Date Deposited: 19 Sep 2017 12:34
Last Modified: 19 Sep 2017 12:34
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/971

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