Assessment of in vitro radiosensitivity parameters of breast cancer cells following exposure to radiotherapy hospital-based facilities

Babazadeh Toloti, Samaneh and Rafat Motavalli, Laleh and Miri Hakimabad, Hashem and Mohammadi-Yeganeh, Samira and Rajab-Bolokat, Eftekhar (2018) Assessment of in vitro radiosensitivity parameters of breast cancer cells following exposure to radiotherapy hospital-based facilities. Iranian Journal of Medical Physics, 15 (3). pp. 132-139.

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Abstract

Introduction: The aim of the present study was to assess the radiosensitivity parameters for SK-BR-3 (SKBR3) breast cancer cells that could be implemented in the cutting-edge treatment planning systems (TPS) for accelerated partial-breast irradiation (APBI). Materials and Methods: The cell survival fraction and its relevant radiosensitivity coefficients, namely α and β, in linear-quadratic (LQ) formalism were evaluated for 6 MV X-rays and 60Co γ-rays using 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. During the irradiation time, the medium temperature was kept at 4°C to prevent the repair of sublethal radiation damages over the exposure time and keep the survival fractions independent of the dose rate. Results: Fitting the LQ model to experimental data, α, β, and α/β radiosensitivity parameters were obtained as 0.156±0.027 Gy-1, 0.026±0.007 Gy-2,and 6.0 Gy for 6 MV X-rays and 0.162±0.028 Gy-1, 0.028±0.007 Gy-2, and 5.8 Gy for 60Co gamma radiation, respectively. The average relative biological effectiveness (RBE) values were 0.91 and 0.96 for 6 MV X-rays and 60Co γ-rays, respectively. The derived LQ parameters were also compared with those previously obtained from in vitro studies for different breast cancer cell lines using various regimes, such as radiotherapy modality with different dose rates and delivered doses. Conclusion: The results of this study provided essential constant values for α and β parameters. The data could be useful for the improvement of TPS to include the effect of different biological responses to radiation in APBI treatment plans.Â

Item Type: Article
Subjects: WN Radiology . Diagnostic Imaging
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Medical Physics
Depositing User: ijmp ijmp
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2018 08:38
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2018 08:38
URI: http://eprints.mums.ac.ir/id/eprint/9859

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