The effects of ginsenoside Rb1 on fatty acid β-oxidation, mediated by AMPK, in the failing heart

Kong, Hong-liang and Hou, Ai-jie and Liu, Ning-ning and Chen, Bo-han and Huang, Hua-ting and Dai, Sheng-nan (2018) The effects of ginsenoside Rb1 on fatty acid β-oxidation, mediated by AMPK, in the failing heart. Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences, 21 (7). pp. 731-737.

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Objective(s): This study intended to investigate the effects of Ginsenoside-Rbl (Gs-Rbl) on fatty acid β-oxidation (FAO) in rat failing heart and to identify potential mechanisms of Gs-Rbl improving heart failure (HF) by FAO pathway dependent on AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK). Materials and Methods: Rats with chronic HF, induced by adriamycin (Adr), were randomly grouped into 7 groups. Gs-Rb1, adenine 9-β-D-arabinofuranoside (Ara A, specific AMPK inhibitor), and 5'-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamide riboside (Aicar, specific AMPK activator) were administered to rats with HF, singly and/or combinedly. Myocardial high-energy phosphate (such as phosphocreatine, ADP, and ATP), free L-Carnitine, malonyl-CoA, and the activity of FAO-related enzymes in left ventricle from different groups were measured by using the corresponding molecular biological techniques. Results: Gs-Rb1 improved HF significantly, accompanied by a significant increase in phosphocreatine (PCr), ADP, ATP, PCr/ATP ratio, free carnitine, malonyl-CoA, mRNA, activity of carnitine palmitoyltransferase (Cpt), medium-chain Acyl-CoA Dehydrogenase (MCAD) and long-chain acyl-CoA Synthetase (ACSL) and a significant decrease of the ADP/ATP ratio in the left ventricular myocardium. However, all those effects were almost abolished by Ara A and were not further improved by Aicar. Conclusion: Taken together, it suggests that Gs-Rb1 may modulate cardiac metabolic remodeling by improving myocardial fatty acid β-oxidation in failing heart. In addition, the effects of Gs-Rb1 may be mediated via activating AMPK.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: QV pharmacology
Divisions: Journals > Iranian J Basic Medical Sciences
Depositing User: ijbms ijbms
Date Deposited: 02 Jul 2018 04:27
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 04:27

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