Items where Subject is "WU Dentistry. Oral surgery"

Up a level
Export as [feed] Atom [feed] RSS 1.0 [feed] RSS 2.0
  • subjects (1125)
    • WU Dentistry. Oral surgery (1125)
Group by: Creators | Item Type
Jump to: Article
Number of items at this level: 1125.

Article

Aalaei, Shima and Kalbasi Anaraki, Sarah and Rezaei Adli, Amin and Rouhi, Neda (2019) Comparison of Tensile Strength of Three Resin Cements in Root Canal Treatment: Panavia F2.0, Clearfil SA, and Relyx U200. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 43 (1). pp. 1-9.

Abbasi, M. and Nakhostin, A. and Namdar, F. and Chiniforush, N. and Tabatabaei, M. H. (2018) The rate of demineralization in the teeth prepared by bur and Er:YAG laser. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences, 9 (2). pp. 82-86.

Abbasi, Mehdi and Sadeghi, Mostafa (2018) Effect of Various Exposure Methods on Shear Bond Strength of Composite Veneers to Enamel and Dentin (in-vitro). Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 42 (3). pp. 237-229.

Abdolahpour, Somayeh and Rahpeyma, Amin and khajehahmadi, Saeedeh (2016) Evaluating the Effectiveness of Overmucosal Plating in Management of Maxillary Palatal Fracture. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 40 (4). pp. 345-352.

Abdolsamadi, Hamid Reza and Goodarzi, Mohammad Taghi and Ahmadi Motamayel, Fatemeh and Moghimbeigi, Abbas and Jazayeri, Mina and Rezaei, Fatemeh and Taghavi, Zahra (2013) Evaluation of salivary nitric oxide and epidermal growth factor in diabetic patients and healthy group. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (3). pp. 200-210.

Abdolsamadi, Hamid reza and Raedi, Shahrbanou and Davoodi, Poorandokht and Shokri, Abbas and Jamshidi, Shokufe and Heidari, Ali and Rostami, Mohsen and Ahmadi-Motamayel, Fatemeh (2013) Report of a Rare Case of Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma of Mandible. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (2). pp. 177-184.

Abdolsamadi, HamidReza and Hooshmand, Behzad and Mohammad Alizadeh, AmirHooshang (2005) Evaluation the existance of the helicobacter pylori in stomach, subgingival plaque and samples taken from periodontal pockets in dyspeptic patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 29 (Issue). pp. 87-90.

Abdolsamadi, HamidReza and ShahTaheri, Mohsen and Mortazavi, Hamed and Abdollahzadeh, Shermin and Zare, Reza and Vahedi, Mohammad (2009) Evaluation of Exfoliative Cytology of Buccal Epithelium in Diabetic Patients. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 33 (1). pp. 47-52.

Abdolsamadi, HamidReza and Zarabadipoor, Mahdiyeh and Saati, Samira and Torkzaban, Parviz and Ariamanesh, Hafez and Ahmadi-Motamayel, Fatemeh (2012) Report of an Extensive Maxillary Perforation Resulting from Mucormycosis and its Treatment. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 36 (4). pp. 335-340.

Abdullah, Adil and Muhammed, Fenik and Zheng, Bowen and Liu, Yi (2018) An Overview of Computer Aided Design/Computer Aided Manufacturing (CAD/CAM) in Restorative Dentistry. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 7 (1). pp. 1-10.

Abedini, F. and Foroutan, T. and Jahangiri, L. (2007) Alkaline phosphatase and CD34 reaction of deciduous teeth pulp stem cells. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 10 (18). pp. 3146-3149.

Abesi, Farida and Fattahi, SeyedehSetareh and Haghanifar, Sina and Moudi, Ehsan and Arash, Valiollah and Khafri, Soraya (2015) The Agreement of Chronological Age and Cervical Vertebrae Morphology in Lateral Cephalogram in a Selected Iranian Population. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 39 (1). pp. 61-70.

Abtahi, M. and Eslami, N. and Abadi, R. Z. M. and Rezaei, S. P. (2016) The effect of intrusive orthodontic force on dental pulp of adults versus adolescents. Dental Research Journal, 13 (4). pp. 367-372.

Abtahi, M. and Poosti, M. and Saghravanian, N. and Sadeghi, K. and Shafaee, H. (2012) The effect of low level laser on condylar growth during mandibular advancement in rabbits. Head and Face Medicine, 8 (1).

Abtahi, SeiydMostafa and Feali, MohammadAli (2008) Evaluation of Skill and Use of Information Technology and Internet among Professors, Postgraduate and Undergraduate Students in Mashhad Dental School in Iran in 2007-2008. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 32 (4). pp. 257-262.

Adel, Mamak and Abedi, Fatemeh and Mohammadi, Navid and Aligholi, Marziyeh (2014) Evaluation of Inhibitory Effect of Dentin on the Antimicrobial Effect of Carvacrol and Sodium Hypochlorite on Euterococcus Faecalis: An In Vitro Study. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 38 (3). pp. 233-242.

Adl, Alireza and Motamedifar, Mohammad and Sobh Namayan, Fereshteh and Shahcheraghi, Ladan and Vossoughi, Mehrdad and Gholami, Ahmad (2018) Comparison of the Effect of Tissue Inhibitors on the Antibacterial Efficacy of a New Silver Nanoparticle Irrigant Containing Sodium Hypochlorite and Chlorhexidine. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 42 (4). pp. 320-328.

Afsa, Masoomeh and Zangizade, Asma and Zargaran, Ghader (2016) Estimation of Remnant Dentin Thickness under Proximal Caries Using Digital Bitewing Radiography: An In-Vitro Study. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 5 (1). pp. 49-52.

Afshar, Hossein and ToffighiDaryan, Maryam (2011) The Occurrence of Anomalies of Primary Anterior Teeth and Their Concurrence with the Permanent Successors Anomalies in Iranian Children. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 35 (1). pp. 1-8.

Afshari, Zahra and Ghoveizi, Rahab and Moein, Layla and Shamali, Mahdi and Tavakolizadeh, Sara (2020) Dimensional accuracy of three impression materials by one-step and two-step impression techniques: An in vitro study. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 9 (1). pp. 36-42.

Aghayan, Shabnam and Assadi, Roya and Bayandori Moghaddam, Abdolmajid and Seyedjafari, Ehsan (2019) Comparison of the Cytotoxic Effects of Nanoparticulate and Microparticulate Calcium Sodium Phosphosilicate Mouthwashes on Human Gingival Fibroblasts: an in-vitro Study. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 8 (3). pp. 135-142.

Aghdasi, Mohammad Mahdi and Vasegh, Zahra and Malek Hoseini, Yousef and Ghaznavi, Dara (2016) Incidence of Bitewing and Periapical Radiographic Errors in Dental School of Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences in 2012-13. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 40 (1). pp. 9-16.

Aghili, H. and Golzarian, M. and Yassaei, S. and Ebrahiminik, Z. and Moradi, Z. (2018) Staining ability of turmeric-persica solution and turmeric-gc-mi plus paste on remnant adhesive resin after bracket debonding. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 12 (9). ZC34-ZC36.

Aghili, H. and Yassaei, S. and Eslami, F. (2017) Evaluation of the effect of three mouthwashes on the mechanical properties and surface morphology of several orthodontic wires: An in vitro study. Dental Research Journal, 14 (4). pp. 252-259.

Ahadian, Hakimeh and Javadzadeh, Abbas and Orafai, Hosein (2007) Clinical Evaluation of Mucoadhesive Film on Gingiva among Healthy Volunteers. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 31 (3). pp. 155-162.

Ahangari, AhmadHasan and Torabi, Kianoosh and Motamedi, Milad and Salehi, Saeed (2011) Comparative Evaluation of Fracture Resistance between Two Alumina Ceramic Copings. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 35 (3). pp. 147-156.

AhmadiMotamayel, Fatemeh and Masumi, Syavash and Abdolsamadi, HamidReza and Roshanaei, Ghodratollah (2011) Awareness of General Dentists and Senior Dental Students of Hamadan City (Iran) about Prescribed Drugs in Dental Procedures. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 35 (4). pp. 243-252.

Ahmadian Yazdi, Azam and Mortazavi, Samareh and Rahmannia, Gholamhasan (2018) Evaluation of the Compliance with the Principles of Radiation Protection in the Dental Offices in Mashhad, Iran. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 42 (1). pp. 10-1.

Ahmadian Yazdi, Azam and Mortazavi, Samareh and Rahmannia, Gholamhasan (2018) Evaluation of the Compliance with the Principles of Radiation Protection in the Dental Offices in Mashhad, Iran. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 42 (1). pp. 10-1.

Ahmadian Yazdi, Azam and Mortazavi, Samareh and Shaebani, Arash (2018) Effect of Practical Training of Tube-shift Technique to Dental Students On Localizing the Anatomic Structures of the Jaws. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 42 (2). pp. 105-114.

Ahmadian-Yazdi, Aazam and Sanatkhani, Majid (2003) A descriptive survey of the oral health on a group of the Asian pregnant women resident in the UK. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 27 (Issue). pp. 93-99.

Ahmadzade, Asadollah and Jafari, Ehsan and Saki, Azadeh (2013) A comparison of the shear bond strength between two zirconia cores cores on two porcelains porcelains proposed by the manufacturing company in two syhstems of VITA and IVOCLAR. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (3). pp. 220-229.

Ahmadzadeh, Asadollah and Fereidoonpoor, Najmeh (2012) Comparison of Retentive Strength in Variable Attachment Systems in Implant-Supported Overdenture. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 36 (4). pp. 259-270.

Ahmadzadeh, Asadollah and Golmohammadi, Farnoosh (2015) Comparison of Fracture Resistance in Two Marginal Designs in IPS e.max Restorations. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 39 (2). pp. 109-116.

Ahmadzadeh, Asadollah and Golmohammadi, Farnoosh and Naseri, MohammadAli (2015) Evaluation of Stress Distribution among Various Designs of a Mandibular Implant-Retained Overdenture with Three Implants by Finite Element Analysis. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 39 (1). pp. 9-20.

Ahrari, F. and Akbari, M. and Mohammadpour, S. and Forghani, M. (2015) The efficacy of laser-assisted in-office bleaching and home bleaching on sound and demineralized enamel. Laser Therapy, 24 (4). pp. 257-264.

Ahrari, F. and Boruziniat, A. and Mohammadipour, H. S. and Alirezaei, M. (2018) The effect of fractional CO2 laser irradiation on shear bond strength of resin cement to feldspathic porcelain. Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences, 9 (2). pp. 101-106.

Ahrari, F. and Boruziniat, A. and Mohammadipour, H. S. and Alirezaei, M. (2017) The effect of surface treatment with a fractional carbon dioxide laser on shear bond strength of resin cement to a lithium disilicate-based ceramic. Dental Research Journal, 14 (3). pp. 195-202.

Ahrari, F. and Eslami, N. and Rajabi, O. and Ghazvini, K. and Barati, S. (2015) The antimicrobial sensitivity of Streptococcus mutans and Streptococcus sangius to colloidal solutions of different nanoparticles applied as mouthwashes. Dental Research Journal, 12 (1). pp. 44-49.

Ahrari, F. and Hasanzadeh, N. and Rajabi, O. and Forouzannejad, Z. (2017) Effectiveness of sodium bicarbonate combined with hydrogen peroxide and CPP-ACPF in whitening and microhardness of enamel. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 9 (3). e344-e350.

Ahrari, F. and Jalaly, T. and Zebarjad, M. (2010) Tensile properties of orthodontic elastomeric ligatures. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 21 (1). pp. 23-29.

Ahrari, F. and Jalaly, T. and Zebarjad, M. (2010) Tensile properties of orthodontic elastomeric ligatures. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 21 (1). pp. 23-29.

Ahrari, F. and Mohammadipour, H. S. and Hajimomenian, L. and Fallah-Rastegar, A. (2018) The effect of diode laser irradiation associated with photoabsorbing agents containing remineralizing materials on microhardness, morphology and chemical structure of early enamel caries. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry, 10 (10). e955-e962.

Ahrari, F. and Tavakkol Afshari, J. and Poosti, M. and Brook, A. (2010) Cytotoxicity of orthodontic bonding adhesive resins on human oral fibroblasts. European Journal of Orthodontics, 32 (6). pp. 688-692.

Ahrari, F. and Tavakkol Afshari, J. and Poosti, M. and Brook, A. (2010) Cytotoxicity of orthodontic bonding adhesive resins on human oral fibroblasts. European Journal of Orthodontics, 32 (6). pp. 688-692.

Ahrari, Farzaneh and Akbari, Majid and Hamzei, Haniye (2017) In Vitro Evaluation of Enamel Microhardness Following at-Home Bleaching and Laser-Assisted in Office Bleaching. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 41 (1). pp. 1-10.

Ahrari, Farzaneh and Eslami, Neda and Zamani, Roya (2015) The Effect of Mouthrinses Containing Metal Nanoparticles on Color Stability of Composite Resin. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 39 (1). pp. 1-8.

Ahrari, Farzaneh and Ghazvini, Kiarash and Mazhari, Fatemeh and Fekrazad, Reza and Eslami, Neda and Emrani, Niloufar (2016) Evaluation of the Effect of Antimicrobial Photodynamic Therapy on Streptococcus Mutans; An In vitro Study. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 40 (2). pp. 105-112.

Ahrari, Farzaneh and Hosseini, Zahra Sadat and Hasanzadeh, Nadia and Ghanbarzadeh, Majid (2014) In vitro Effects of a Neutral Fluoride Agent on Shear Bond Strength and Microleakage of Orthodontic Brackets. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 3 (3). pp. 106-111.

Ajami, B. A. M. and Shabzendedar, M. and Mehrjerdian, M. (2010) Prevalence of hypodontia in nine-to fourteen-year-old children who attended the Mashhad School of Dentistry. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 21 (4). pp. 549-551.

Ajami, B. A. M. and Shabzendedar, M. and Mehrjerdian, M. (2010) Prevalence of hypodontia in nine-to fourteen-year-old children who attended the Mashhad School of Dentistry. Indian Journal of Dental Research, 21 (4). pp. 549-551.

Ajami, Behjat-Al-Molook and Ebrahimi, Masoumeh and Makarem, Abbas and Movahhed, Taraneh and Motamedi, Amir Reza (2012) Evaluation of Survival Time of Tooth Color Dental Materials in Primary Anterior Teeth. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 1 (1). pp. 11-18.

Ajami, Behjatalmolook and SarrafShirazi, AliReza and Movahhed, Taraneh and Chehrazi, Farnaz (2010) Comparison of Permeability of an Iranian Latex Glove with Two Types of Imported Gloves after One Time Usage. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 34 (2). pp. 143-152.

Ajami, Behjatolmollok and Talebi, Maryam and Ebrahimi, Maasoumeh (2006) Evaluation of oral and dental health status in major thalassemia patients referred to Dr. SHEIKH Hospital in Mashhad in 2002. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 30 (Issue). pp. 99-108.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Abachizadeh, Hamed and Shafieyan, Reyhaneh and Aminifar, Sooran (2012) Evaluation of Microleakage in Pulpotomized Primary Molars Restored with Core max II: An In Vitro Study. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 36 (3). pp. 231-238.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Ebrahimi, Maasiumeh (2005) Evaluation of oral health status amongst 6 - 7 - year - old children in Mashhad in 2001. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 29 (Issue). pp. 235-242.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Ebrahimi, Maasoumeh and Mohammadzadeh, Ashraf and Mozaffar Moghaddam, Samineh (2005) Frequency of oral lesions in newborns at Mashhad Imam Reza Hospital, in 2001. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 29 (Issue). pp. 91-96.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Ebrahimi, Masoumeh and Seddighi, Zahra (2009) Evaluation of Awareness and Behavior of Dental Students of Mashhad Dental School on Infection Control. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 33 (1). pp. 53-62.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Ghavamnasiri, Majaneh and Shafiee, Sara (2004) A comparative study of fracture strength of pulpotomized primary molars after restoration with compomer and composite. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 28 (Issue). pp. 211-220.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Hassanzadeh-Khayyat, Mohammad and Mehrabkhani, Maryam and Khashyarmanesh, Zahra (2006) Evaluation of urinary fluoride excretion following NaF mouth rinse prescription in 6-12 yeas old children. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 30 (Issue). pp. 269-278.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Makarem, Abbas and Sharifi, SeyedShamsoddin (2003) A prevalence study of traumatic dental injuries in male athletes in martial sports in Mashhad in 2001. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 27 (Issue). pp. 37-42.

Ajami, Behjatolmolook and Shabzendehdar, Mahboobeh and Asadollahi, AliReza (2008) Evaluation of Oral Health Knowledge, Attitude and Behaviour of Employees in Mashhad Health Centers No 1, 2 and 3 in 2006. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 32 (1). pp. 37-40.

Akbari, F. and Ghoochani, T. and Sharifi-Rayeni, A. and Hosseini, M. and Askary, A. (2019) The Use of Panoramic and Cephalometric Images to Guide Needle Placement for Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block in 7-to 12-Years-Old Children. Dental Hypotheses, 10 (2). pp. 40-46.

Akbari, M. and Ahrari, F. and Jafari, M. (2012) A comparative evaluation of DIAGNodent and caries detector dye in detection of residual caries in prepared cavities. Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice, 13 (4). pp. 515-520.

Akbari, M. and Nejat, A. H. and Farkhondeh, N. and Mehraban Moghadam, S. and Hashemy, S. I. and Mohammadipour, H. S. (2017) Does at-home bleaching induce systemic oxidative stress in healthy subjects? Australian Dental Journal, 62 (1). pp. 58-64.

Akbari, M. and Rouhani, A. and Samiee, S. and Jafarzadeh, H. (2012) Effect of dentin bonding agent on the prevention of tooth discoloration produced by mineral trioxide aggregate. International Journal of Dentistry.

Akbari, Majid and Ahrari, Farzaneh and Hoseini-Zarch, Hossein and Movagharipour, Fatemeh (2013) Assessing the Performance of Laser Fluorescence Technique in Detecting Proximal Caries Cavities. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (3). pp. 185-200.

Akbari, Majid and Faghani, Morteza and Kazemian, Ali and Afshari, Reza and Taghian, Ali and Talebi, Atoosa (2015) Evaluation of Oral Health Status and Dental Need Assessment in Narcotic Drug Abusers. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 39 (3). pp. 191-200.

Akbari, Majid and Habibi, Samane (2013) What Is The Role of Thesis In Dentistry? Evaluation of the View Point of Senior and Graduated Students and Supervisor Teachers of Mashhad Dental Faculty in 2010. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (2). pp. 85-94.

Akbari, Majid and Makarem, Abbas and Hosseini, Fakhrossadat and Fazel, Akbar (2013) Compliationof Quality Improvement Standards of General Dentistry Program in Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (2). pp. 95-110.

Akbari, Majid and Moeintaghavi, Amir and Ghanbari, Habibollah and Bageri, Mohammad and Otoufi, Atefeh (2014) A Comparison of the Students’ and Teachers’ Viewpoints about the Characteristics of a Good Teacher in Dentistry. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 38 (4). pp. 281-290.

Akbari, Majid and Nejat, AmirHossein and Dastorani, SeyedMehdi and Rouhani, Armita (2011) Evaluation of Stress Level and Related Factors among Students of Mashhad Dental School (Iran) in Academic Year of 2008-2009. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 35 (3). pp. 165-176.

Akbari, Majid and Sekandari, Saleheh (2016) Evaluation of the Predictive Validity of Comprehensive Basic Science Examination for the Adequacy of Dentistry Students' Clinical Competence. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 40 (2). pp. 113-122.

Al-Zubaidi, ZAK and Al-Shamma, AMW (2015) The Effect of Different Finishing Lines on the Marginal Fitness of Full Contour Zirconia and Glass Ceramic CAD/CAM Crowns (An in-vitro study). Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 4 (3). pp. 127-136.

Alaghehmand, Homayoon and Jenabian, Niloofar and Foladvand, Sharzad and Habibzadeh Bijani, Ali (2006) Evaluation of periodontal clinical index after class V restorations using miniflap surgery technique. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 30 (Issue). pp. 109-116.

Alavi, AliAsghar and Zahedi, Somayeh (2006) Evaluation of fracture resistance of teeth restored with three types of tooth colored onlay. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 30 (Issue). pp. 289-300.

Alhavaz, Abdolhamid and Hajian, Karimollah and Naeemian, SeyedMohmoud (2005) Evaluation of adjustment of vertical dimension of occlusion in 31-50 year old edentulous patients. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 29 (Issue). pp. 1-8.

Aliabadi, Ehsan and Bagheri, Siavash (2020) Changes in Heart Rate and Blood Oxygen Saturation during Mandibular Third Molar Surgery. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 44 (1). pp. 81-88.

Alikhasi, Marzieh and Hajmiragha, Habib and Arvin, Armita and Khanmohammadi, Razieh (2013) Effect of Shading on Flexural Strength of Zirkonzahn; Zirconia-Based Ceramics. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 37 (2). pp. 137-144.

Alikhasi, Marzieh and Siadat, Hakimeh and Monzavi, Abbas and Naseri, MohammadAli and Sheikhzadeh, Seddigheh (2011) The Effect of Porcelain Veneer and Liner Usage on Microtensile Bond Strength of Cercon Zirconia Ceramics. Journal of Mashhad Dental School, 35 (4). pp. 289-296.

Allahqoli, Leila and Nithyanantham, Vinnaras and Rahmani, Azam and Fallahi, Arezoo and Fathi, Marzieh and Azadi, Nammam Ali and Pashaei, Tahereh and Volken, Thomas (2019) The Effects of Trans-Theoretical Model and Fear of Dental Care on Dental Cleaning Behavior among Students. International Journal of Pediatrics, 7 (8). pp. 9853-9861.

Alwafe, Naser Abdelgader and Hammad, Shaza Mohammad and AbdelMawla El-wassefy, Noha and Hafez, Ahmad Mohammed (2019) Evaluation of the Effect of an Experimental Herbal versus Fluoridated Mouthwash on Frictional Resistance and Surface Roughness between Orthodontic Brackets and Two Types of Archwire: In Vitro Study. Journal of Dental Materials and Techniques, 8 (4). pp. 205-214.

Aminabadi, N. A. and Sohrabi, A. and Erfanparast, L. and Oskouei, S. G. and Ajami, B. A. (2011) Can birth order affect temperament,